Deer Population Management

Reasons for Resource Management

By the late 1870s, Illinois had lost a type of species overwhelming in its importance to the ecosystem function. Large prey animals such as wolves and mountain lions once controlled the number of big herbivores such as deer. While coyote and vehicle numbers continue to increase in McLean County today, neither are effective in controlling healthy deer populations.

Affecting Other Food Sources

White-tail deer control, by their grazing, browsing, and trampling, the habitat on which small rodents, flowers, and butterflies depend. Finally, the rodents and vegetation provide a food source for other herbivores and carnivores.

Mild Winters Affect Little

Winters in central Illinois are not severe enough to significantly reduce populations. The reserves are not self-contained. The fact that surrounding agricultural lands provide an artificial and virtually unlimited food source necessitates a balance of human management.

Invaded by Non-Native Species

Less obvious is the intrusion of introduced species. As native species are reduced by an imbalance of deer populations, introduced species, such as the multiflora rose, may increase because of higher tolerance levels to browsing.

For More Information

If you have any questions, please contact the McLean County Department of Parks and Recreation at (309) 434-6770.